– most don’t know it.

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Are your kidneys healthy or sick?

You may not experience symptoms of Kidney Disease until 80% of your kidney function is lost.

Visit a doctor or a nurse for a yearly check-up. They can look at your blood and urine test results and see exactly how your kidneys are doing.

man looking at woman, who is looking into the camera

Take this quiz to find out what you know about kidney disease:

How many kidneys are normally found in your body?

  • A One
  • B Two
  • C Four

Where are your kidneys located?

  • A Just below your ribs
  • B On the right side of your chest
  • C Below your belly button

How big are your kidneys?

  • A The size of a pea
  • B The size of a soccer ball
  • C The size of an adult fist

What do your kidneys do?

  • A Help to remove waste and fluid your body does not need
  • B Help to control blood pressure
  • C Help with making red blood cells
  • D Help to keep bones strong
  • E All of the above

What are the risk factors for kidney disease?

  • A Diabetes
  • B High blood pressure
  • C Family history of kidney disease.
  • D Heart disease
  • E All of the above

What do you need to do if you are at risk for kidney disease?

  • A Ask your neighbor
  • B Ignore it
  • C Get a blood and urine test from a nurse or doctor


You are one step closer to learning about your kidneys, how important they are to your health, and what you need to do to keep them healthy.

Are you at risk?

People who have any of the below risk factors are more at risk of having chronic kidney disease. Check to see if you are at risk:

  • Diabetes
  • Autoimmune disease (such as Lupus)
  • High blood pressure
  • Family history of kidney disease
  • Known kidney problems
  • Heart disease
  • Urinary tract problems
  • Vascular disease (poor circulation)
  • Very frequent use of known toxins (such as pain killers)
icon of kidneys

More to Know

Kidneys help your body get rid of stuff it doesn’t need like extra fluid, waste or minerals. They also help control blood pressure, balance chemicals in the body and build red blood cells.

When kidneys stop working your body can’t get rid of all that stuff it doesn’t need and this can make you feel very sick. Without treatment, kidney disease can lead to kidney failure which can cause death.

Dialysis or a transplant is needed to stay alive.

dialysis machine
man smiling in front of Provencher predestrian bridge

How to Care for Your Kidneys


Manage your diabetes.


Maintain a healthy blood pressure.


Take medications as prescribed.


Know if you have a family history of kidney disease.


Aim for a healthy body weight.


Be physically active.


Eat healthy, balanced meals.


Stop smoking.


Limit alcohol.

Want to know more?

Click on the links below to learn more about kidney disease.